Home Family Health Loss of Vision and What Should Be Know

Loss of Vision and What Should Be Know

Vision loss

Vision loss or blindness occurs when you cannot see anything. However, it may includes blurred vision, cloudy vision, double vision, poor night vision, and loss of peripheral vision.

It can affect one eye or both eye and may occur gradually or suddenly and may also be partial or complete.

Complete loss of Vision

When the vision cannot be restored or corrected with glasses or contact lens. In this cause you cannot see anything including light.

Infact, it requires a new approach and adaptation to  new life. You learn new skills for example, you may need to learn the following;

1.Use a guide log

2.Re-organize your home in such away you can easily find things and stay away from danger.

3. Learn how to use other body sense to identify and solve little problems around you.

4 You can get some adaptive products such as specialized smartphone, accessible cookware and color identification tag

5. Where necessary you can get a house maid or personal assistant

Partial loss of Vision

This occurs when you have limited vision and partially see light reflection. Your doctor needs to guide you on how to function with limited vision.

For instance, you can use a magnifying glass to read, increase  the text size on your phone and computer, use audio books and clock.

What You Need To Know About The Eye

The eye is a vital and complex organ in the body that needs to be protected.  Its the light of the of the body.

There are many part in the organ that need to work together to give clear vision such as the cornea, lens, retina, optic nerve, tear duct, iris, and the pupils.

Knowing each part of the eye and its function helps to identify some vision problems and symptoms early and seek immediate medical help before it becomes worsen.

Part of the Eye and its functions

1. Cornea: The cornea is the layer of clear tissue situated in the front of the eye. It helps focus light.

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2. Tear duct: The opening of the tear ducts are located in the upper and lower eyelids at the corner of each eye.

This tears keeps the cornea lubricated and clear of debris and clear tears away.

3. Lens and Retina: The lens is behind the pupils. It focuses light to the retina, the light sensitive cell in the back of the eyeball.  Retina convert images into electrical signal that are sent to the  optic nerve.

4.Iris and Pupils: Iris is the colored part of the eye. It control  the amount of light coming in through the pupils.

Common Eye Problems To Know

1. Dry eye syndrome

Dry eye is a lack of tears which is associated with tear formation, tear ducts or eyelids. It always occur as a side effect to some  medications.

The signs of dry eye syndrome are pains in the eye and blurred vision.


Glaucoma is an increased pressure in the fluid of the eye. This can cause optic nerve damage. Often, glaucoma is the common cause of vision loss.

Risk factors for glaucoma are;



3.Family History.

3. Cataracts

Cataracts is a clouding of the lens causing blurring or tinted colored vision. Its mostly common in elderly.

4. Age related muscular degeneration

Age related muscular degeneration is a gradual damage to the cell of the macula. However, this condition is more common in people of 60 years  of age and above and majorly the main cause of blindness in people around this age in United State.

5.Retina tear or detachment

This condition occurs when the retina separate from the back of the eye and should be treated as  medical emergency.

Signs of  detached retina;

1.Blurred vision

2.Partial loss of vision

3.Complete loss of vision

6.Diabetic Retinopathy

As a result, the damage to the blood vessel of the retina caused  diabetes and the best way to prevent diabetes is to put your sugar level under control.

Signs of Diabetes Retinopathy:

1.Blurred vision

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2.Dark spot in the field of vision which can later leads to blindness or loss of vision.

7.Lazy Eye

This is also called amblyopia, it occur when vision has not developed properly in the eyes and the brain begins to favor the eye with better vision

In order to prevent blindness in children, the American Optometric Association has recommends that you have your child’s eye examination every:

1.6 months of age

2.3years of age

3.Every year between age six and seventeen years.

However, if you notice any signs and symptoms of vision loss or blurred vision between this period of routine test visit, immediately book an appointment with the eye doctor.

Red Eye

People at risk of blindness are;

The following people at the higher risk of of blurred vision or vision loss;

1.People living with diabetes

2.Anyone undergoing eye surgery

3.Premature babies

4.Those with stroke

5.Factory worker or people who work with toxic chemical or sharp objects

6. Elderly people

7. Those with glaucoma and muscular degeneration

Ways  to Diagnose Vision Loss

Foremost, an eye examination by an optometrist will be helpful to ascertain the level of the partial or total vision loss.

You will have to undergo series of test to be able to clarify your vision, know the elasticity of the eye muscle and how your pupil reacts to light.

Meanwhile, the general health of your eye will be examined using a slit-lamp. Its a low- power microscope paired with a light intensity.

Ways to prevent Blindness are;

1. Do not apply sugar water, breast milk, battery water, camphor, local gin, urine, native herbs, onion water into the eyes

2. Do not separate fight if you have only one seeing eye because of damage to the only remaining eye

3. Do not use eye drugs belonging to another person with the same eye complaint

4. Avoid rubbing the eye with dirty hands, dirty handkerchief

5. Avoid self-medication

6.Avoiding rubbing the eyes when there is a foreign body in the eye

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7.Wear protective goggles i

f you are toxic chemical worker or other industrial worker

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8. Immunize your child with the measles vaccine and other five killer diseases. Note, measles complications as a result of unimmunized can leads to blindness

9. Wash your face with clean water always

10. Wash your eye with soap and water frequently

11. Eat lots of fruits and vegetables

12. Do not play nor allow children to play with sharp objects like forks, knives, pencils, brooms, sticks, etc

13. Avoid tobacco smoke

14. Try to take a glass of green tea daily

15.Manage your blood sugar

16.Wear sunglasses

17. Check your eyes at least once a year

18. Never apply an un-prescribed medication to the eye.

19. Consult your doctor if you noticed eye symptoms.

20. Finally, never share eye medications with family and friends, because the indication for prescribing the medication may not be similar to your eye condition and could lead to blindness.

Tonto Dikeh’s ex-husband, Olakunle Churchil,l, and Rosy Meurer welcome first child

How is Vision Loss Managed?

Here are ways to restore impaired vision back if not a permanent blindness that cannot be corrected.

1.Use of Eye glasses

2.Contact Len



Impacts of Vision loss on human

In young children, loss of vision or blindness can affect child’s life in the following ways;

1.Lower child’s educational performance especially in school age children.

2.Such child can experience delayed motor response.

3.Affect cognitive and emotional  development of rea child

4. May also have impacts on the child’s speech and language.

while in adults, vision loss and blindness can severely impacts quality of life. Adults with loss of vision often have the following challenges

1.Depression and Anxiety

2.Difficulty in walking

3.Higher risk of falls and fractures

4.Lesser productivity

5.Poor social participation and involvements

6.Early entry into a nursing home or care home

Impacts of Vision loss on Economic



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