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Dyslexia and Dyscalculia in kids

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Dyslexia is associated with letters and words. Dyslexia is a language-based disorder that is characterized by difficulty with decoding single words. This difficulty is normally a reflection of the individual’s inability to properly phonological process words.

Dyslexia includes the inability to:
• Name or identify letters
• Read words or sentences
• Recognize words directly

How to help a Dyslexic kid

1.Be patient

This is easier said than done but hugely important. Brain research has shown that when people feel stressed or anxious, they are less able to retrieve things from their memory or to perform tasks requiring the use of working memory and complex thought.

One of the best gifts you can give your child if they are getting anxious or upset at difficulty is to calmly tell them to take a deep breath and take their time, to let their brain do its job.

2.If your child is stuck on a word, there are some things you can encourage them to try.
Find the vowel. What sound does it make?
Look for patterns. Is there a blend, digraph, or chunk you know?
Touch or trace these word parts while you say the sound.
If it is a longer word, break it into syllables or Break the word into word parts like prefixes, suffixes, and basewords or roots.

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3.Keep it short and sweet. End on a successful note.
For students with dyslexia, reading can be exhausting. A few minutes of concentrated effort is better than a power struggle or a longer period during which your child isn’t paying attention to what they are doing. You want your child to feel proud of what they’ve done and ready to do some more again tomorrow. Learning to read is a marathon, especially for kids who struggle. Play the long game.

4.Praise, praise, praise.
Be your child’s cheerleader. This is one way to show them how much you support them. Specific praise, especially praising effort or the use of a specific strategy is far more effective than general praise such as “Good job!”.

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DYSCALCULIA

Dyscalculia is a term referring to a wide range of life-long learning disabilities involving math.

There is no single form of math disability, and difficulties vary from person to person and affect people differently in school and throughout life. Individuals with this type of learning disability may also have poor comprehension of math symbols, may struggle with memorizing and organizing numbers, have difficulty telling time, or have trouble with counting.

Signs of Dyscalculia

1.Has trouble learning to count and skips over numbers long after kids the same age can remember numbers in the right order.

2. Struggles to connect a number to an object, like knowing that “3” applies to groups of things like three cookies, three cars, or three kids.

3. Doesn’t seem to understand the meaning of counting. For example, when you ask for five blocks, your child just hands you a large group of blocks, rather than counting them out.

4.Struggles to recognize patterns, like smallest to largest or tallest to shortest.

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5. Has trouble understanding number symbols, like making the connection between “7” and the word seven.

How to help kids with Dyscalculia

1. Know the signs

2. Use manipulatives when teaching math.

3. Place value cubes, working with number magnets, colorful clocks, play money, calculators, and apps that help children to have fun while learning math.

4.One of the best adaptations to try is graph paper. Begin with large squares and show kids how the numbers line up correctly. The visual lines help keep the letters and numbers straight. As math concepts get more difficult, switch to smaller sized squares.

5.GAMES: Play games such as checkers, connect four, Candyland, those using matching dots or colors with an amount of space to move.

6.Use play way methods, songs, and rhymes.

7.Find a counselor or tutor who is familiar with learning disorders helps. Sometimes, school counselors have peer groups to help support students who are struggling with similar issues.

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